What is Bipolar Disorder and How Does Talkiatry Treat it?

July 11, 2021

Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic depressive disorder or manic depression, is a mental health condition that changes a person's mood, sleep, energy, behavior, and ability to function. Individuals with bipolar disorder typically experience intense emotional states for days or weeks at a time.

Some people with bipolar disorder can function and maintain a healthy professional and personal lifestyle, experiencing few or no episodes throughout the year. However, if left untreated, symptoms can worsen over time and affect daily activities. In severe cases, it can bring on suicidal thoughts and actions. When this occurs, seeking psychiatric care is essential.

Of note, frequent mood swings that last for several hours are not suggestive of bipolar disorder but can be commonly mistaken by the general public as symptoms of bipolar disorder. These can be related to other mental health problems, such as trauma.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

About 2.8% of the U.S. population is diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Although symptoms and their severity can vary, roughly 83% of those cases are classified as severe. Bipolar disorder can cause manic or depressive episodes as well as prolonged periods without symptoms. Less often, a person can also experience both extremes simultaneously or in rapid sequence. 

Our psychiatrists diagnose bipolar disorder according to the symptoms, behaviors, and conditions listed and defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5)

Common symptoms of mania can include the following:

  • Unusual feelings of uplift, jumpiness, or irritability
  • A sense of increased activity, agitation, or energy
  • A decreased need for sleep
  • A sense of well-being and self-confidence that exceeds reality (euphoria)
  • Talkativeness that seems out of character
  • Irrational thoughts
  • Difficulty focusing
  • Poor decision making - using credit cards excessively, taking sexual risks, and making poor investments

Contrarily, here are the common symptoms of depression: 

  • Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or tears (in children and teens, depressed mood may appear as irritability)
  • Lack of interest or enjoyment in most, if not all, activities
  • Significant weight loss while not dieting, weight gain, or a decrease or increase in appetite
  • Oversleeping or insomnia
  • An inability to concentrate or slowed behavior
  • Deficiency of energy or fatigue
  • An excessive or inappropriate sense of guilt or worthlessness
  • Lack of focus or concentration, or indecisiveness

There is a possibility that symptoms will cause unpredictable changes in mood and behavior and significant distress and difficulty in life. Many symptoms of bipolar disorder can overlap with other diagnoses, such as anxiety, ADHD, or schizophrenia. The proper treatment plan can only be determined by a medical professional after an official diagnosis.

Types of Bipolar Disorder

There are three categories of bipolar disorder: bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymic disorder. 

  1. Bipolar I is a mental disorder that involves one or more episodes of mania. The majority of individuals with bipolar I will experience both mania and depression, but depressive episodes are not required to be diagnosed with this disorder. To be diagnosed with bipolar I, an individual must experience manic episodes lasting for at least seven days or are so severe they require hospitalization.
  1. Bipolar II tends to result in periods of major depression and hypomania (a milder form of mania) that shift back and forth. Mania is not involved in bipolar II. The diagnosis of bipolar II disorder requires a person to have suffered at least one hypomanic episode and one major depressive episode during their lifetime.
  1. Cyclothymia, or Cyclothymic Disorder, is a condition in which people suffer from long-term hypomania and mild depression. There are times when people with cyclothymia have normal moods, but they usually last less than eight weeks. Yet, these highs and lows do not qualify as either major depression or mania.

Patients can experience symptoms differently, and as time progresses, symptoms can change. Therefore, a bipolar disorder treatment plan is essential for managing mood disturbances and other bipolar symptoms. 

Treatment for Bipolar Disorder

At Talkiatry, bipolar disorder is treated primarily with therapy and medication management. There is a specific treatment for every type of bipolar disorder, including bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymia. However, this is not a condition that can be cured, so treatment will need to be ongoing.

Medication Management

Most individuals with bipolar disorder need medication to keep their symptoms under control. Long-term use of the medicine can reduce the frequency and severity of bipolar mood episodes and sometimes even prevent them from happening at all. Based on the symptoms you are experiencing, our psychiatrists will prescribe the medication and dosage you need to treat bipolar disorder. 

In most cases, our psychiatrists treat bipolar disorder with mood stabilizers and second-generation antipsychotics. Additionally, bipolar disorder's depressive episodes can be treated using both an antidepressant and a mood stabilizer to prevent episodes of mania.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy, or "talk therapy," can be an essential part of the treatment plan for people with bipolar disorder. Psychotherapy helps a person identify and change troubling behaviors, thoughts, and emotions. People with bipolar disorder (and their families) can also obtain support, education, and guidance through various forms of therapy with our psychiatrists. Cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychoeducation are just two types of therapy that may be used in treating these conditions.

Treatment must be ongoing – even after you feel better – to keep mood symptoms under control.

Next Step with Talkiatry

Talkiatry provides outpatient mental healthcare services, including diagnosis, psychotherapy, and medication management to people with bipolar disorder. During each of these treatment options, we cater to your individual needs and requests. 

At Talkiatry, we provide you with accessible and affordable mental health-management solutions focused on helping you feel better, faster. We also offer flexible telemedicine and in-office appointment options to match our therapeutic and modern approach to psychiatric care.

Don't hesitate to consult a medical professional if you believe you have bipolar disorder. To receive a preliminary diagnosis, we highly recommend you complete our free and easy online assessment. We will then match you with one of our psychiatrists, who can guide you through managing and treating your bipolar disorder. 

Take the assessment today to get started.
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